A nuncupative will is an oral or spoken will. Until September 1, 2007, Texas allowed the use of nuncupative (oral wills) to dispose of personal property, but only in very limited circumstances. These circumstances included:
- Last sickness: The testator had to be on his deathbed when he uttered his testamentary words.
- Location: The testator must have spoken the testamentary words at home, at a place he resided for ten or more days before speaking those words, or at any location if he was ill when he left and died before returning to his home.
- Value of the bequeathed property: The value of the property the testator bequeathed could not exceed $30, unless three witnesses heard the testator speak the testamentary words.
Oral wills that were made before September 1, 2007 will still be given effect.